Physio O&P

Upper Extremity

Upper extremity prosthetic limbs require very innovative and case-specific solutions. Physio O&P clinics have experienced clinicians who are the best in their field and exceptionally qualified to find solutions for all levels of upper extremity limb loss.

Your Options

Below is an overview of options available, though this should not be considered an all-inclusive list. For more information, contact the prosthetic clinic nearest you.
Physio no prosthesis

No Prosthesis

Some individuals choose not to wear a prosthetic limb. They find that they can perform all needed tasks without the assistance of a prosthesis. Many individuals with congenital anomalies are extremely functional without the use of a prosthesis. Some feel that a prosthesis eliminates normal tactile sensory feedback. Many considerations factor into the decision about wearing a prosthesis.

Passive Designs

Individuals with limb loss may not need or desire a dynamic or active prothesis. A passive prosthesis can provide a restoration of body symmetry. Most designs are passive (no active control). We design our restoration prostheses to provide assistance and bi-manual function. A prosthesis adds weight to the human torso, which balances the spine for better alignment. It also offers protection to the residual limb. These types of prostheses can be designed very simply or can be dramatic life-like restorations.

Advantages to passive designs include: little or no harnessing for suspension for upper extremity prostheses, low maintenance, and durable materials. Disadvantages of passive prosthesis include: no active control of hand or joints and limitation of activities. Passive silicone restorations used in partial hands can help to restore some limited functional capabilities.

Myo-electric / External Powered Prosthesis

This prosthetic limb design can eliminiate the need for a harness system to capture motion in order to control the terminal devices and elbow. There are numerous methods and control mechanisms which relay information to the termninal device hand and elbow. Myo-electrics use surface electrodes to pick up signals from the remaining musculature in the residual limb. These signals tell the terminal device, wrist rotator or elbow to open or close or move up, down or rotate. If muscle signals are not an option, additional inputs are available. Most new technology uses some type of micro processor which allows the prosthetist to customize and refine the signals for operation of the prosthesis.

Externally powered prostheses use state-of-the-art batteries that allow the prosthesis to be used for up to three days between charges. These prostheses are quite dependable and durable and the cosmetic look can be closely matched to resemble the sound side. There are many options available for hand terminal devices, wrists, elbows and control mechanisms. Advantages include an increase in grip force of the hand and the elimination or reduction of a harness surrounding the unaffected side. It also allows for an increase in functional envelope. Disadvantages may include cost, weight and less desirable use for some rough duty environments. We take time to educate you on your options and help you to make the best choice to keep you moving at the speed of your life.

Body Powered Prosthesis

Body-powered prostheses rely on the muscles of the person’s body to essentially “power” the prosthesis’ movements.

Activity Specific Prosthetic Limbs

An activity specific design prosthesis is unique to each individual and the assistance required. The design can include an adaptive or terminal device to work with existing prostheses or a complete design that would be used for patient unique environments or activity. These can be used in vocational, sports and recreational activity needs that are outside the traditional prosthetic function.


Our dedicated practitioners can help you reach your goals. Whether you want to play baseball or to simply enjoy every day activities, like driving a car, we will partner with you to provide you with an upper-extremity prosthesis that is customized to meet your unique needs and goals. Our upper-extremity solutions focus on providing you with the most advanced, functional and cosmetically pleasing devices available. We offer prostheses that are designed to support specific activities or hobbies and vocations to help you live better, work smarter and play harder.®


We work closely with you throughout the course of fabricating and fitting your prosthesis and help you to learn how to use your prosthesis. Our practitioners are committed to partnering with you long term to ensure that you are comfortable with and confident in your device. At select locations, we also offer mastectomy products, including custom-fitted breast prostheses and mastectomy bras.

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